The top civilian honor called Bharat Ratna has been announced for the Late Freedom leader, educationist and advocate Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya.
The top civilian honor called Bharat Ratna has been announced for the Late Freedom leader, educationist and advocate Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya. This eminent leader, who was born in Allahabad was the president of Indian National Congress for two terms. He holds the pride of being an educationist because the great minds like Shyama Charan De, Rabindranath Tagore, Mahatma Gandhi and Annie Besant and many other great people have joined their hands with this eminent leader for quest of knowledge. His aim was to bring freedom to the nation with the power of righteousness and education. At this juncture, it is better to understand some details about this educationist and his contributions to the Indian economy that made him gain Bharat Ratna posthumously:
Educational contribution by Malaviyaji:
He was popularly known as ‘Mahamana’ and education to him was a function of celestial order. He has mahaonce stated that ‘there is no subject of greater importance for the welfare of the people than education’. It is only education that can solve different issues in the society like ignorance, communal bitterness and untouchability. It can contribute a great share toward raising the social status of women and harijans. He has stated that the education has no meaning, if it cannot produce a good man. This means that rather than contributing towards social status, education should contribute towards mind-level development of humans.
Education connected to patriotism:
Mahamana considered education close to patriotism. The Banaras Hindu University that was founded by him stands as the glorious epitome of the realism and idealism of Mahamanaji. Some distinctive motives were behind the establishment of this university by Mahamanaji. The motives were:
- The desire to restore the past glory of the nation
- The urge to bring together religion and education for developing the spirit towards the nation, which was the pressing need of the pre-independent period.
- He established the university after rightly realizing the importance of reorganizing the absolutely crumbled Hindu Society.
Before establishing Banaras Hindu University (BHU):
After having realizing the importance of education and the hardships faced by people towards getting educated in the early part of their lives, he established ‘MacDonald Hindu Boarding House’ by collecting a public donation of Rs.1.3 lakh. This house was formed in Allahabad in the year 1903 to accommodate 230 students. This house was considered to be the forerunner for the establishment of BHU, which happened in the year 1916. The planning for this university began in his mind in the year 1900 and it took 16 years to get the shape. This period gap clearly shows the analyzing ability of Malaviyaji and his ability to think workable solutions.
Not only educational contribution, his contribution towards Hinduism, social development, legal practice, journalism, politics and Devanagari are highly appreciated. With a view to honor him, the Indian post took the pride of introducing a Postage Stamp of Malaviyaji on the 25th of December 1961. He lost his life at the age of 84 on the 12th of November 1946, after making great contributions to different fields. This is the time for the educational society to celebrate his Bharat Ratna!