Pre-Primary training: There are many polytechnic colleges and vocational training centers which provide training for training for pre-school teachers. Candidates passed 12th with 50% are eligible for the training. There are private Montessori training schools which even provide training in the cities.
Primary teacher training:
Primary teacher training is given the candidates who opt to make career in teaching. For this the basic eligibility criteria is passing class 12th.The candidates can study diploma in education D.Ed. and are eligible to teach the students from class 1 to 8th.Doctor Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya at Gour Nagar, Sagar 470003, Madhya Pradesh conducts a 2 year Diploma course after Higher Secondary to train teachers for primary teaching.
While this is one institute, normally teachers with Bachelors in education teach the Primary classes when they begin their career and gradually move up to teach higher classes.
Secondary and senior secondary teachers training.
In order to get this post one has to complete bachelor of education i.e. B.Ed. degree and the duration of this course is 1 yr.Teachers having B.Ed. degree after graduation are called Trained Graduate Teachers. There are some universities which even offer B.Ed. through correspondence. As well there are universities which offer B.Ed. through regular.
Top 15 colleges in India that offer B.Ed. through regular:
1. K.J. Somaiya Comprehensive College of Education, Training and Research, Mumbai
2. Bombay Teacher's Training College, Mumbai
3. Lady Irwin College, Delhi
4. Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
5. SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai
6. Government College of Education, Chandigarh
7. St. Xavier’s College of Education, Patna
8. D.M.College of Teacher Education, Imphal
9. Kirorimal College of Education, Bhiwani
10. Jamia Millia Islamia Institute, Delhi
11. University of Punjab
12. University of Pune
13. Himachal Pradesh University, Department Of Education, Shimla
14. University of Bombay
15. A.G. Teachers College, Ahmadabad
Top 10 distance learning universities that offer B.Ed through correspondence:
1. Annamalai University
2. Bangalore University
3. Jamia Millia Islamia Institute of Post Graduate Studies and Research
4. University of Kerala, Institute of Distance Education
5. University of Madras
6. Maharishi Dayananad University
7. Mother Teresa Women's University
8. Patna University
9. SNDT Women's University
10. Madurai Kamaraj University.