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TOEFL

Test of English as a Foreign Language

TOEFL is to be taken for seeking admission in any course in USA. The Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) assesses the English proficiency of people who speak English as a non-native language. The test aims at evaluating proficiency in English of candidates whose mother tongue is not English. It is important to note that 'American English' is not quite like the language we are used to in India. Their accent in particular, is quite different. Scores in TOEFL help the colleges to judge whether the applicant, seeking admission, would be able to comprehend the lectures etc.
The TOEFL is basically a test of your proficiency in the English language. It consists of three sections which are timed individually.

Eligibility:
TOEFL is mandatory for seeking admission in any academic course at any level- undergraduate, graduate or post graduate, in USA

Test Details:
TOEFL can be taken in any working day of the month meaning it is held five days in a week. It is advisable that a candidate takes the test as early as possible so that the score is reported timely

Exam Structure:
The Computer Based Test(CBT) has four sections -

The first two sections-
Listening and Structure are computer adaptive, meaning, each time a question is answered, the computer scores that question and adjusts to the response.
It determines the next question to be presented to the candidate by using this information.
Both of these are multiple-choice sections and the candidate is presented with a question of moderate difficulty at first.
If answered correctly, the second question will be tougher and if the response is incorrect the second question would be easier.
The computer will continue presenting questions based on the responses, with the goal of determining the ability level of the candidate and at the same time meeting the requirement of the test for which it is designed.
 
Listening Section evaluates the ability of the candidate to understand English as spoken in US and Canada.
Candidates are given headphones to hear recorded sessions.
The questions based on the recording appear on the screen and thereafter the answer choices appear.
The time spent in hearing the test material is not counted, however the material and the questions are presented only once.
Structure Section contains incomplete and incorrect sentences.
These are required to be completed or corrected by using words/phrases from the given chices.
The other two sections are Reading and Writing respectively.
These sections are not 'computer adaptive' since the selection of passages and topics in them are not based on the performance of the candidate.
The section on Reading contains short passages and questions on them.
It measures the ability of the candidate to comprehend short passages, similar to those, which he may actually encounter while pursuing the actual course.
The section on Writing comprises of essay writing on a given topic, within 30 minutes.
The candidate has the option to type out his essay on the computer or write it on a sheet

Timeframe for Valid Scores
•TOEFL scores are valid for two years from the test date.
•If it has been more than two years since you last took TOEFL, you must take it again to have scores reported.

Test Structure:
The TOEFL is basically a test of your proficiency in the English language. It consists of three sections which are timed individually.

The first section is on Listening Comprehension where you are expected to listen to a recorded conversation and then answer a few questions based on what u've heard. What u're being tested on here is your ability to understand conversations and talks in English.

The second section is on Structure and Written Expression and is designed to measure your ability to recognize language that is appropriate for standard written English. There are two types of questions; one requires u to complete a sentence with an appropriate word or phrase from the choices given and the other requires u to identify the error in a given statement.

The third section is on Reading Comprehension which is something u are all familiar with and requires u to answer the questions based on the given passage.

Canceling TOEFL Scores
At the end of the test session, you are given the option to cancel your scores. Consider very carefully before canceling your scores. If you do cancel your scores, they will NOT be reported to you or any institutions, and no refund will be made.
If you cancel your scores, you may have them reinstated, provided that your request is received at ETS within 10 days of your test date.

If you take the TOEFL test in August, October, December, February or May, you will also take the Test of Written English (TWE). You will have 30 minutes to write an essay on the one topic printed in your TWE test book.You will not need special knowledge of the topic.

The TOEFL test is the most widely accepted test to evaluate your English-language skills. This test can help you get admission in most of the colleges/universities across the globe.

The TOEFL test is administered by the US-based "Educational Testing Service" (ETS). ETS sets the questions, conducts the test, and sends each examinee the score report. You can take the TOEFL test in either of the two formats; Internet-based test (iBT) or Paper-based test (PBT). The format you take depends on your test center location.
TOEFL Test Format: Internet Based Test

The duration of the test is 4½ hours. It tests your English speaking, listening and comprehending, reading, and writing skills. You can also take notes during the test.

Section Type of Question No. of Question Duration

Reading 3-5 passages;
approximately 700 words long;
12-14 questions per passage. 36-70 60-100 minutes
Listening 4-6 lectures,
some with classroom discussion;
each 3-5 minutes long; 6 questions each. 2-3 conversations;
 each 3 minutes long;
5 questions each. 34-51 60-90 minutes
Speaking 2 tasks to express an opinion on a familiar topic;
4 tasks to speak based on what is read and listened to. 6 tasks 20 minutes
Writing 1 task to write based on what is read and listened to; 1 task to support an opinion on a topic. 2 tasks 50 minutes

The TOEFL test is a requirement for admission into colleges and universities where instruction is in English. In addition, many government, licensing, and certification agencies, and exchange and scholarship programs use TOEFL scores to evaluate the English proficiency of people for whom English is not their native language.
The Test of English as a Foreign Language™ (TOEFL) measures the ability of nonnative speakers of English to use and understand English as it is spoken, written, and heard in college and university settings.The TOEFL test is offered in different formats depending on a test taker's location

Most people take the TOEFL test as a prerequisite for admission into colleges and universities where English is used or required. In addition, many government, licensing, and certification agencies and exchange and scholarship programs use TOEFL scores to evaluate the English proficiency of people for whom English is not their native language.

Nonnative English speakers at the 11th-grade level or above should take the TOEFL test to provide evidence of their English proficiency before beginning academic work. The test content is considered too difficult for students below 11th grade.
Many institutions report that they frequently do not require TOEFL test scores of certain kinds of international applicants. These include:
• nonnative speakers who hold degrees or diplomas from postsecondary institutions in English-speaking countries (e.g., the United States, Canada, England, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand)
• nonnative speakers who have successfully completed at least a two-year course of study in which English was the language of instruction
• transfer students from institutions in the United States or Canada whose academic course work was favorably evaluated in relation to its demands and duration.
• nonnative speakers who have taken the TOEFL test within the past two years
• nonnative speakers who have successfully pursued academic work at schools where English was the language of instruction in an English-speaking country for a specified period, generally two years.
Students should contact their prospective institutions directly concerning their specific admission requirements.

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