Gujrat is the one place where there is lot of improvement in the field of education. And the education Sector in Gujrat has improved the education with the literacy rate increasing from 69.14% in the year 2001 to 79.31% in the year 2011.
The Female literacy rate in few years has increased by 12.93%. There are even lots of education schemes that are provided to the students.
The Basic Focus on the Primary Education
Gujrat here has 32,700 panchayat and also the grant-aid primary schools. Here nearly 80,750 new classrooms have been constructed over the past ten years with the aim of having one teacher for each classroom.
The State also provides 100% drinking water facility to the students in the primary schools. Nearly 62,000 new toilet blocks have also been constructed and 18,513 primary schools have good compound walls in order to ensure the safety.
There is another major step that is taken by the government that is the electrification of primary schools.Gujrat now has 100% electrification in all the government schools.Computer education has also been introduced to class 6th and 7th students and almost 22,000 primary schools also have been provided with the computers.
The State government has invested 1,000 crore in computer infrastructure and has been provided single 42 inch LCD Screen in all the secondary schools and 21,000 LCD Screens in upper primary schools.
The infrastructure has been upgraded and has been supported by massive enrollment drives through the programs like Kanya Kelavani Rathyatra and Shaala Praveshotsav . Various programes have been conducted to encourage the girl education in the schools. Once the student completes standard 7th the bond money along with the interest is handed over as an incentive to study the secondary education.
The Funds amounting to 114.48 crore have already been distributed under this particular scheme to 11, 84,655 girl beneficiaries.
As the number of students taking admission increases every year so the need for the qualified teachers also increases every year. With the help of merit based, on-line recruitment procedure nearly 86,823 primary teachers were employed.
New Primary schools were created and 5,000 headmasters were appointed. 50% of them were appointed through the government approved teachers aptitude test and remaining 50% were recuirted for promotions.
The State government has also created the Indian Institute of Teacher Education with the basic aim of preparing the high quality teachers. And this Indian Institute of teacher education has started to provide admission to 100 students per year and also offers 4 years B.Ed Program to the aspirants who want to be teachers tomorrow.
The State government has decided to allow the diploma students from the industrial training institutes to seek the admission in any of the graduate degree courses. The government has also announced the major policy of declaring the equivalance of ITI with the SSC and the HSC.
The State government has even started Gunotsav to evaluate the quality of the primary schools.
In gujrat most of the schools used to be in grant -in-aid sector, the schools that were supposed to run under government were less. But in the previous decade the number of government secondary schools from 140 in the year 2001 has now increased to 744 in the year 2011.
The major Initiatives for the quality enchancement in the secondary level are introduction of the semester system from class 9th, introduction of the comprehensive and the continous evaluation, change in the pattern of the board examination etc.
Incidentally Gujrat has also chosen not to abolish board exams in STD 10th nut also has made this exam rote free to test the students understanding of the subject.
The another key initiative for the students who have taken the unconventional route to the higher secondary school is the state government's decision in order to allow the diploma students from the Industrial training Institute in order to seek admission to the any of the graduate degree courses.
The Government also has announced the major policy by declaring the equivalence of ITI with SSC and HSC.
There are various numbers of Universities in the state that has increased from 11 in the year 2001 to 45 in the year 2011. Nearly 9 lakhs students are now studying the college education compared to the previous years.
The numbers of students taking admission to the engineering courses have also been significantly increased in previous years. The government also increased the seats for the degree and the diploma engineering in the government engineering colleges.
The total seats in the professional colleges have been increased from 22,475 to 1, 38,740 while the seats that are available in the government and grant-in-aid colleges have been gone up from 13,470 to 33,955 in the previous years.
The students whose family income is less than 2.5 lakhs or who are handicapped and also have secured the admission the the technical course through the merit for them the tuition fee is waived. And 24,700 students have been provided the good and free education under this scheme.
In order to provide the employement offers the state government will organize the job fairs and also the vocational training courses. More than 2, 00,000 youths have received the vocational training through these initiatives. A group of officers, ministers visit the schools one full day in order to examine the teaching conditions and also to create the enormous accountability.
In order to increase the knowledge of the English language among the gujrat youth,the state government has even started the SCOPE programs i.e The Society for creation of Opportunity through Proficiency in English) programs.
Two Lakhs students have acquired the proficiency in English through this initiative. These initiatives by the state government in the education sector clearly indicates that the students are also provides the support at every step in the academic endeavours.
Right from the School Enrollment incentives to providing the training to the teachers on the latest pedogical practices, the discussions are also done on the curriculum to enhance the quality of the education in the job fairs and the English speaking courses. The state also takes care of each and every requirement of the Gujrati Student.