Depending on the type of course you are interested in, you will be required to take one or more of the standardized entrance tests.
As different schools have different requirements, grading systems and standards, grades or transcripts are usually not the best way to measure students' abilities. Standardized tests enable admission offices to make more informed and just decisions as these tests are designed to measure students' skills such as problem solving and creative thinking, rather than just their knowledge of a certain subject.
TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language):
If you are planning to study abroad in the USA, you will be required to take the TOEFL to demonstrate your English proficiency. Each college or university has a required score and in order to be admitted and you will need to achieve or surpass this score in the exam. (The minimum for many schools is 213 or more) TOEFL is computer-based in most parts of the world, but in some places you may be given a paper-based test. The exam is made up of multiple-choice questions and an essay question. The sections are explained below:
Listening- This section will measure your ability to understand American English. You will listen to conversations through headphones and then answer questions about the dialogue.
Structure- This section will measure your ability to understand written English. This section will include formal English texts rather than the casual conversations used in the Listening section.
Reading- This section will have reading comprehension and vocabulary and it will test your understanding of the passages.
Writing- This section will include one essay question. It will measure your ability to organize and support an argument by writing an essay.
It is highly recommended that you take part in a TOEFL preparation class or practice with TOEFL study tools before taking this exam.
SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test):
SAT is required from all US students applying for an undergraduate program in a US college or university. The exam is required from every US citizen and may be required from international students as well, depending on the colleges or programs you plan to be admitted to. The exam has a math section and a verbal test with mostly multiple questions. The math section will include questions on arithmetic, algebra, geometry, probability and counting ect. The verbal section will have categories including;
Analogies- this will measure your ability to understand the meaning of words and relationship between words.
Sentence completion- this part will measure your ability to complete sentences through logic.
Critical reading- this section will measure your ability to read a text and critically think about the content.
GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test):
GMAT is guided by Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) which consists of 131 schools with MBA programs. GMAT has been designed to measure the verbal, numerical and analytical skills of students who plan to be enrolled in colleges for the MBA and related courses. It is computer-based and has multiple choices as well as essay questions. As in the other exams, rather than the amount of knowledge you have, the test measures your ability to use your knowledge through problem solving and creative thinking.
IELTS (International English Language Testing System):
There are two types of IELTS exams; academic and general. For higher education, academic IELTS exams are preferred and may be required by some universities instead of TOEFL. Preferred score by many colleges and universities is 6.0 or higher. The score may vary by the country of the applicant and college's requirements.
GRE (Graduate Record Examination):
The test is required from students who are seeking to enroll in graduate or postgraduate programs in subjects including social studies, engineering studies and many others. GRE has two formats; one general, one subject test and either should be taken by students who already have bachelor degree or training on a particular major or a subject. The general exam applies to all programs and subjects. The subject test on the other hand is especially designed for 8 graduate degrees including biochemistry, biology, chemistry, computer science, literature in English, mathematics, physics and psychology.
Online courses incorporate a range of delivery methods and many programmes can be studied entirely in your own country. You may therefore be able to complete the whole course without travelling to Australia, Singapore or the UK and the USA for workshops or seminars, while others may require some form of attendance in Australia, Singapore or the UK and USA or at local partner institutions. Check with your chosen institution to find out if the course is 100% online or if any attendance is required.
Full-time and part-time study options are usually available. With both you'll be supported through a range of media included printed study materials and the internet, and you'll communicate with your tutor and other students by mail, email or online via video conferencing and chat facilities.
You can study courses at every level including: undergraduate certificates, diplomas and degrees; postgraduate masters and MBA's and professional qualifications via online learning.
The entrance requirements to take a online course will vary depending on the institution and the qualification you're interested in pursuing. These requirements are designed to ensure that once you're admitted onto a course, you'll be able to manage your studies successfully. Most institutions will require a good standard of English language, because of the way the course material is delivered and the way in which your work is assessed.
There are many rankings of universities and colleges which qualify institutions on any range of factors from academic research, student performance, surveys of educators and current/prospective students. Other rankings and league tables qualify specific academic programmes or departments.
An institution's ranking usually figures highly in the decision-making process of prospective students, however it is important to be aware if the ranking had the input or support from the institution itself.